Carpet Cleaning Glossary of Terms & Definitions

Heart of Texas Chem-Dry is a full service carpet cleaning provider, supplying commercial businesses and residential homes throughout Texas with a number of floor cleaning and related services. We are completely licensed and insured to provide our professional expertise and services to the communities at affordable rates. With Heart of Texas Chem-Dry, you can expect a phenomenal experience every time you request our services; incorporating friendly customer service, traditional values, high moral standards, and exceptional work ethics into every job performed with superior execution. Heart of Texas Chem-Dry technicians has all the credentials and attributes that more than qualify them to undergo any task associated with our services. By using high-end products and equipment, Heart of Texas Chem-Dry ensures our customers receive nothing less than maximum results.

Carpet Cleaning Glossary of Terms & Definitions

Heart of Texas Chem-Dry extends customer service whenever possible, to assist our Texas residential and commercial customers, we have included a carpet glossary of terms and phrases often spoken in the industry.
Blooming: Blooming is in reference to the untwisting of the carpet fibers. This occurs for several reasons including; improper cleaning, excessive heat setting, poor maintenance execution, along with general wear and tear that occurs with age.
Carpet Tiles: Unlike wall-to-wall carpeting, the carpet tiles are sections of carpet squares that are commonly used in commercial businesses because of their ultra durability. Carpet tiles are diverse being available in different solid colors, patterned, or texture. Carpet tiles are designed for convenience and are removable for spot cleaning, repairs, or replacement.
Crushing: Crushing, or matting, is a term used to describe when the fibers have become compressed and disfigured, usually due to heavy furniture sitting in one place long term. This event is unavoidable, but can be hindered by diligently performing regular maintenance, investing in firm quality carpet padding is installed between carpet and subflooring, and frequently rearranging your furniture to re-direct traffic patterns and allow the fibers a chance to expand after the furniture has been moved.
Denier: Denier is the total measurement of yarn per carpet area. Carpets labeled to be more denier have a higher yarn count.
Fibers: Fibers are the basic material used to manufacture carpets. A few examples of the more commonly used fiber materials used to create carpets are synthetic fibers such as nylon, olefin, and polyester. Natural fibers derived of wool, cotton, silk, and bamboo are the frequently used organic types of materials carpet.
Fray: Fraying is when the carpet fibers have become damaged, expanded, and/or changed in texture; usually produced in high-traffic that add to the wear and tear as well as improper cleaning methods that include the use of incompatible cleaning products, scrubbing stains instead of blotting, and other poorly performed maintenance.
Hot Water Extraction: Hot water extraction is used typically used in the deep cleaning process. Highly recommended by carpet manufacturers as a part of regular maintenance, this process agitates the carpet to break down the soil and debris compacted deep within the fibers.
Maintenance Program: A maintenance program that is routinely scheduled for cleaning and restoration purposes. Many professionals offer custom maintenance packages to meet the unique needs of residential homes and commercial buildings.
Padding: Padding, or sometimes referred to as a carpet cushion, is the layer of constructed fabric that is installed on the subfloor prior to the carpet installation. Investing in a high quality of padding will prolong the carpet life, appearance, and quality along with other additional benefits.
Pile: Pile, also known as nap, is the visible portion of carpet fibers. The most common types of piling are cut pile and loop pile, but there are several different types and styles of piles.
Pile Reversal: Pile reversal is the disfiguration of carpet fibers in many directions, typically produced in high traffic areas. Pile reversal is more distinct in pivot points areas like hallway corners and doorways.
Resilience: Resilience is the carpet’s level of resistance to crushing and matting. To determine the level of resilience of the carpet, the fiber, padding, backing, and other aspects are all considered.
Rippling: Rippling is the technical term for the wave-like or ruffled patterns that develop in wall-to-wall carpeting that is generally cause by excessive heat and humidity conditions. Rippling can be easily corrected by a professional carpet re-stretch service.
Seam: A seam is the visible line where two separate pieces of carpet intersect. Many qualified installers can significantly minimize the appearance of a seam, but avoiding seams entirely is rarely possibility since most carpet is produced in 12-foot wide rolls.
Shedding: Shedding is the loss carpet fibers. New carpet installation promotes carpet shedding and continues for several weeks; more common in cut pile and wool carpets and less frequently in synthetic fiber carpets. Controlling shedding simply requires regular vacuuming.
Soiling: Soiling is when air pushes upward from under the carpet with enough pressure to thrust the dirt particles, germs, and grime buildup found beneath the fibers surfaces. Annually scheduled professional carpet cleaning services and routine vacuuming can prevent soiling from occurring.
Tufting: Tufting is defined as the loop, cut or uncut, of pile which is the first step in the carpet manufacturing process.